ENERGY SUPPLY AND DEMAND
All of the EAC partner states remain heavily dependent on traditional solid fuels such as wood and charcoal, especially for household-level cooking and heating.
According to the EAC Regional Status Report, 2016, the share of biomass in primary energy consumption is lowest in Kenya, at 68%, and highest in Burundi, at more than 95%. Traditional biomass accounts for average 80% of the energy consumption in EAC partner states. The share of petroleum products used as a primary energy source in EAC countries is relatively small compared to the use of traditional biomass, but it is still significant.
The implementation of stable and reliable electricity supply in the EAC Partner States is still challenging. As the power grid is considered to be among the worst in Africa, resulting in low electrification rates as well as low average electricity consumption in the region.